• HIV/ AIDS- The problem with having HIV/ AIDS is that people are not speaking up and telling their mate that they are infected with HIV/ AIDS. When they are having unprotected sex with their mate, it potentially spreads around the world. I will talk about the symptoms, causes, complications, and risk factors.


  • I was researching websites,and I found out the way you can prevent getting HIV/ AIDS is by taking your mate to the doctor to get tested, before you guys have sex. Another way you can prevent getting HIV/ AIDS is by not using another person needles or syringes ( which is use to inject illegal drugs). A pregnant women is another person that can pass HIV/ AIDS on, she can pass them on to her unborn child. A way the mother can prevent it is by getting her and her baby tested while baby is being delivered.


  • A person can find out if they have HIV/AIDS if these following Symptoms accrue for the first weeks, then years, and them when they begin to progress into AIDS

First Few Weeks

      • Fever
      • Headache
      • Sore throat
      • Swollen lymph glands

Years Later

      • Swollen lymph nodes- often one of the first signs of HIV infection
      • Diarrhea
      • Weight loss
      • Fever
      • Cough and shortness of breath

Progression to AIDS

      • Soaking night sweats
      • Shaking chills or fever higher than 100F (38C) for several weeks
      • Cough and shortness of breath
      • Chronic Diarrhea
      • Persistent whit spots or unusual lesions on your tongue in your mouth
      • Headache
      • Persistent, unexplained fatigue
      • Blurred and distorted vision
      • Weight loss
      • Skin rashes or bumps

According to the Mayo Clinic the Causes are:
– Some people may ask the question. How does HIV turn into AIDS? HIV turn into AIDS because, we have something in our body called CD4- which is a specific type of white blood cell that is a big part of your body which help fight disease. In HIV  will destroy CD4 cells.

– When you are diagnosed with AIDS, you will have a CD4 count under 200 or an AIDS- defining complication as:

    • Pheumocystic Jiroveci Pneunmonia
    • Cytomegalovirvs
    • Tubercuiosis
    • Toxoplasmosis
    • Cryptosporidiosis

HIV is transmitted in several ways including:

    • Durning sex
    • Blood transfusions
    • Sharing needles
    • From mother to child

Risk Factors
– The people that is mostly to get HIV/ AIDS is homosexual men, but you’re at greatest risk of HIV/AIDS if you:

  • Have unprotected sex: Meaning having sex without using a new latex or polyurethane condom every time you have sex. Anal sex is more risky than vaginal sex. The risk is very high if you have more than one sex partner.

Have another STD (Sexually Transmitted Diseases)

  • That produce sores on your genitals

Use Intravenous drugs

  • People who share the same needle, who use intravenous drugs.

Are an uncircumcised man

  • Studies indicate that lack of circumcision increases the risk for heterosexual transmission of HIV.

Infections that’s common to HIV/AIDS:

    • Tuberculosis (TB)-  An infectious disease that may affect almost any tissue of the body, especially the lungs, caused by the organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and characterized by tubercules.
    • Salmmonellosis- food poisoning caused by consumption of food contaminated with bacteria of the genus Salmonella,  characterized by the suddenonset of abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and fever.
    • Cytomegalovirus (CMS)- a common virus of the herpesvirus family, usually harmless orcausing mild colds but capable of producing severe systemicdamage in infected newborns and immunosuppressed persons.
    • Candidiasis- any of a variety of infections caused by fungi of the genusCandida,  occurring most often in the mouth, respiratory tract(bronchocandidiasis),  or vagina.
    • Cryptococcal Mehingitis
    • Toxoplasmosis- infection with the parasite Toxoplasma gondii,  transmitted tohumans by consumption of insufficiently cooked meat containingthe parasite or by contact with contaminated cats or their feces:the illness produced is usually mild, but in pregnant women maydamage the fetus.
    • Cryptosporidiosis- a disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genusCryptosporidium,  characterized by fever and gastrointestinalsymptoms and typically spread via contaminated drinking water.

Cancer common to HIV/AIDS:

      • Kaposi’s sarcoma
      • Lymphomas

Other complication:

      • Wasting Syndrome
      • Neurological complication

People can find out if they have HIV/AIDS by medical testing. There is also medication that can help you live longer if you have HIV/AIDS. I also found out that women who are pregnant can pass the disease to their baby. They can get tested while giving birth to their child.  This information matter to the population because people die from HIV/AIDS and transmit it to others. I would really like to find out more information about HIV/AIDS because this information can save peoples lives. I would really like to save the  life of a baby that can live a normal life like other kids that don’t have HIV/AIDS.

Work Cited, LLC. Copyright © 2011. All rights, LLC. Copyright © 2011. A

– © 1998-2011 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. All rights reserved.

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UNAIDS (2010) ‘UNAIDS report on the global AIDS epidemic’ – 2010